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The winemaking tradition of the area where it produces its wine DOCG "Rosazzo" is of great importance and historical significance, synergy with the Abbey of Rosazzo, religious, cultural, political and social that arises here, has also made possible the documentation of the wine production in the last thousand years.
The driving function of the Abbey positively influenced since ancient times the development of these areas and is documented as "the enlargement of the hilly agricultural areas headed for the crops that most could benefit from particular climatic and soil conditions of these lands: ivigneti and the cultured orchards promiscuous is inserted strongly into the wooded landscape of these hills "(Gaspari 1976).
A document dated 20 January 1341 states that "The Patriarch Bertrand threatening to some people excommunication, which, after having occupied a wood of the Abbey of Rosazzo, did not want to plant vines"; It is one of the documents that attest to the vocation for the cultivation of "Rosazzo lives". Augustinians first, then the Benedictines and then the Dominicans last, made the wines of these lands a constant source of economic livelihood, making them so famous as to be served to the imperial table.
The Republic of Venice, settled at Rosazzo in the summer of 1420, contributed not a little to make known the Friulian wines, both for the many public relations, commercial and diplomatic that it entertained, both for the general consumption in the city, where receptions and parties were daily events.
In the last thousand years, the Rosazzo area and its wine production accounted thus a point of reference for the whole viticulture Friuli. The cultivation has also been able to live an extraordinary continuity thanks to the presence of the Abbey of Rosazzo: as well as other important centers of worship and at various times the Abbey was able to ensure the presence of lives even in the darkest moments of history, both for direct involvement in the production of religious, not involved in wars, for example, thanks to the wine in the centrality of the Eucharist rite, for this need.
The wine producing area "Rosazzo", develops in a horse hilly area between the towns of Manzano and San Giovanni al Natisone, with a small offshoot in the municipality of Corno di Rosazzo, all included in the Udine province, in the southern part DOC "Friuli eastern hills."
In the province of Udine: it includes the territories suited to viticulture of the municipalities of Corno di Rosazzo, Manzano and San Giovanni al Natisone;
Min. 50% Friulano, Sauvignon 20-30%, 20-30% pinot bianco and / or chardonnay, max. 10% yellow Ribolla, could help other vines with white grapes, suitable for cultivation in the province of Udine, in the present max vineyards. 5%;
standards for viticulture
The new planting and replanting must have a minimum density of 4,000 vines / ha and the vines can not produce an average of more than 2,000 kg of grapes per vine;
The maximum yield of specialized production must not exceed 8 t / ha and the natural alcoholic strength by volume must be of 11.50% vol .;
rules for winemaking
The vinification operations must be carried out within the production area, ie in the remaining territory of the municipalities of San Giovanni al Natisone, Manzano and Corno di Rosazzo, or common to these neighbors;
rules for labeling
Labeling and presentation of wine with denomination of origin and guaranteed "Rosazzo", is mandatory the indication of the year the grapes were grown
FOTO: ©foto Luigi Vitale